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Главная arrow Подшивка arrow 2001 arrow Теоретический журнал "Credo" arrow Summary
Summary

CONTENTS

Pisarchik L.Iu. The importance of spiritual experience of mankind in modern philosophy

Muhamadiev R. Sh. “Hamlet” as a Tragedy of Christian Sacrificial Feat.

Nedorezov V.G. The “external” and ““internal” factors the evolution of technical knowledge

Smirnova N.V. The structure and function of educational process.

Mishuchkov A.A. The problem of spirituality and the peculiarities of the spiritual experience by I.A. Iliyn.

Lyubichankovski V. A. Methodological problems of teaching the course “The concepts of modern natural science”

Boguslavskaya S.M. The ethnical basis of human-being interaction with biosphere and perfection of philosophical education.

Skopinceva T.Y. The Russian civilization way the returns us our roots…

Nagornaya O.V. Traditions as a form of values.

Litvintseva G.Y. Modernizing “of Russian nobility culture during the epoch of PeterI.”

Summary

Pisarchik L.Iu.

The importance of spiritual experience of mankind in modern philosophy

The article is devoted to the problem of the familiarizing of a man to the high culture in the conditions of the modern society, when the rules of “mass culture” become general. The author makes an attempt to solve the following problem: how the sphere of education may help the personality to break away from the bonds of “mass culture” and to appeal to the original values of the human being.

In the article the correlation of the following opposite cognitive establishings is considered:

1) Establishing on the advantage and practical result,

2) Establishing on the comprehension of truth and familiarizing to deep knowledge about the human nature. In the article the influence to these establishings on the formation of moral foundations of a personality is also considered.

 

Muhamadiev R. Sh.

“Hamlet” as a Tragedy of Christian Sacrificial Feat.

The article entitled “Hamlet” as a Tragedy of Christian Sacrificial Feat” is the first exhaustive interpretation which restores the genuine intention of William Shakespeare's great piece. This study also refutes the play as a tragedy of revenge, the idea that is prevalent until now. For the first time in the history of literary criticism it is proved that, along with the ancient Scandinavian saga of Amlet, Shakespeare had used two other sources, i.e., the Biblical legend of the Israeli judge Iaffe and his daughter, as well as the spiritual testament of John Shakespeare, the playwright's father. This fact allowed the author of the study to radically change the stereotype formed for centuries, and to prove that “Hamlet” is a tragedy of Christian sacrificial feat but not a tragedy of revenge, as it was commonly believe.

 

Nedorezov V.G.

The “external” and ““internal” factors the evolution of technical knowledge

In this research the complex interrelation of “internal” scientific and ““external” social factors is considered which determine development of technical knowledge.

The technical knowledge in the development, is rather independent. It in many respects depends on influence of the external factors. They can be divided on direct and indirect (social order, national and cultural characteristics). They frequently render decisive influence on an orientation of technical changes.

 

Smirnova N.V.

The structure and function of educational process.

The author examines ways of selection and maintenance of educational process and two its levels, which are: the evident and inevident educational programs. She makes a system of conceptions, which show this way: the invariable value of culture - the educational ideal - the system of educational values - the educational environment - educational texts - the educational process - study and personal traits of pupils - outcome of personal adaptation - the reproduction and transformation of a type of society.

 

Mishuchkov A.A.

The problem of spirituality and the peculiarities of the spiritual experience by I.A. Iliyn.

Mainly two works by Iliyn, the famous Russian philosopher are analyzed, that of “the ways of spiritual renoxation”, 1935 and “The axioms of spiritual experience”, 1953.

The problem of spirituality is considered and reflected on the ground of christian philosophy on the ways of the formation of the spiritual experience of a human being through faith, love, freedom, patriotism and sense of justice. The true spiritual experience has the following features: deity, gracefulness, personal subjectivity, freedom, the possession of morality, catharsis and tragedy.

 

Lyubichankovski V. A.

Methodological problems of teaching the course “The concepts of modern natural science”

The article deals with the critical review of some textbooks and manuals in the subject of “The concepts of modern natural science”. It touches upon the idea that it’s necessary to start teaching the course of “The concepts of modern natural science” beginning with the topic “Scientific approach to

human’s investigations of the reality and some specific features of its existence in modern natural science”.

Boguslavskaya S.M.

The ethnical basis of human-being interaction with biosphere and perfection of philosophical education.

In this paper the author regards the main historical stages oh ethical base of human being interaction with biosphere. The modern stage is the stage of global ecological crisis that is analyzed from the view point oh ecological and moral imperatives’ unity. To the author’s mind philosophy and the non-violence ethics are the main direction in ethics’ ecological development as well as the way of perfection of philosophical education.

Skopinceva T.Y.

The Russian civilization way the returns us our roots…

The majority of Russian population sticks to the traditional opinion of general universal values. The traditional understanding of the “other” plays a great role in the individual formation. The lost traditional mastering of the “other” needs the modern innovations. The bright example of this statement is the soviet film “Iljich*s picket” by Marlen Hutsiev.

Nagornaya O.V.

Traditions as a form of values.

This paper is about the main role of the traditions in the life of society and in the life of the every man. The main idea is: the breaking of traditions leads up to the cultural and historical memory interruption.

 

Litvintseva G.Y.

”Modernizing “of Russian nobility culture during the epoch of Peter I.

This article is devoted to a complicated and contradictory process of the introduction of European values in the culture and the way of life of the Russian nobility.

On the one hand, “modernizing” is a normal process in Russian culture, which was the cause of changes during the epoch of Peter I. On the other hand, “modernizing” defined such problems as the perception of Russian culture by the Russian nobility and the introduction of new values, the way of life and social establishments.

The analysis of the process of “modernizing” culture during the epoch of Peter the Great helps to understand the peculiarities of the development of Russian culture and bring to life the contradictions and the correlation of European and “traditional” values.

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