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Главная arrow Подшивка arrow 2002 arrow Теоретический журнал "Credo" arrow Summary
Summary

Summary

A.M. Anisov
Problem of truth and values in historical cognition.

Whether the inevitable load of value of historical knowledge is compatible with the aspiration of the historian to the objective truth?In the article the affirmative answer on the supplied question is given.Moreover, in contrast with the wide-spread opinion, scientific truth itself is one of the base valuables of modern culture, and therefore opposition of true and values in a framework of a science is wrongful.


K.M. Gozhev
Theory elites and is social-philosophical analysis of conflicts of situations.

The article is devoted to the phenomenon of the political elates in the typological aspects. The author analyses the connection between the elates’ theory and the modern social and ethnic conflicts. The study touches upon the problem of the relations of the elates to the economical and cultural policy of the modern society.


S.P. Ivanenkov, A.Zh. Kouszhanova
The youth and economy-political problems of the Russian society.

In the article the modern economic and political processes occurring in Russia and their influence upon the position of youth in a society, and also estimation by the youth itself of occurring changes in economy and politics are considered.


T.V. Mousienko
The new phase of theoretical synthesis in social sciences and micropolitics

This paper examines the problems of the cumulative pogress of sociological and micropolitical knowledge of individual action. It compares Giddens, Bourdiew, and Elias on agency and structure. The article demonstrates the influence of the theoretical synthesis on sociology of action. The author emphasizes the idea that the higher level of synthesis permits the more concrete understanding of individual action than did the type of abstraction associated with the structural - functional and social system sociology of the previous stages. The current phase of micropolitics is the stage of conceptual polysynthesis and methodological eclectism.


A.N. Muravyov.
On the origins and results XXth century’s philosophizing

XXth century’s philosophizing is characterized in the articie as a modern analogue of the Renaissance’s and Enlightement’s philosophizing. Critical anaiyses is given to the marxist’s dialectical logic and historical materialism. Modern philosophy is still faced, author holds, with the task to appropriate classical philosophical tradition from Parmenides to Hegel.


M.V. Olushina
Space over- a rationalism and its symbology.

The central problem of this article is the problem of language in modern philosophy and culture ( possibility of grasping being in rational definition). Author separate the main tendency and defines it as “super - rationality”. This tendency creates it’s space on intersection of different philosophy’s currents. “Super - rationalism” exists in different domain of culture as recognizable images and symbols. Super- rational symbols have specific nature (some invariability) and vary only in surface. Therefore, it is possible to describe these symbols in philosophical and cultural researches. So, author tries to analyze space, specific symbols of “super - rationality” on modern philosophical material and on poetry of T.S. Eliot . All translations from English into Russian were made by M. Olushina.


A.J.Pidzhakov
Essence and variety of political violence

The article deals with studying the political violence. This phenomenon definitions by foreign and Russian scientists are carefully compared here and «the political violence» concept is considered.
Different types of political violence are analyzed. Political violence effectiveness is researched.


C.D. Scripnik
Philosophy and Rhetoric.

The relations between philosophy as theoretical mode of thinking and speech and rhetoric are considered. Thesis about “rhetoricness” as a feature of philisophical speech is established.


N.A. Shermuhamedova
Some thesises due to Al-Farabi about the balance of grammar and logics

Some thesises due to Al-Farabi about the balance of grammar and logics are considered in this article.


A.M. Sokolov
Horizon of romanticism in european selfconsciousness

In the article the place of Romanticism in the context of West European culture is more strictly defined. The thesis maintained and grounded that Romanticism was a kind of spiritual reaction to the widespreading of Enlightenment ideas. The author also thinks Romanticism to be the actualization of the contrary but still intercommunicating tendencies of the European egocentrism: rationalistic and mystic ones. The special influence exercised by Romantic ideas on the socio-philosophical thought, particularly that of Russia.


А. S. Stepanova
“Criterion of the being” and “existence” as paradigms of the hellenistic philosophy

This paper is devoted to an analysis of the Greek philosophy of later antiquity, as a special but indispensable stage of the ancient philosophy. Our article tries to suggest the possibility of a critical reconstruction of a few of paradigms. The basic thesis of the present paper is that the two notion «Criterion of the being»(κριτήριον τÁς Øπάρξεως) and «existence» ((¹ Øπόστασις) is the main paradigms of philosophizing, which were arising, due to Sceptical and Stoic philosophical thought. Also we consider such of the Stoic notions as ™νεργείv (realization), τÕ τί (something), οικείωσις (relation) – because indicated paradigms is based on the series of concepts. Besides we address to the work of the famous Roman philosopher Marcus Aurelius, which used the main ideas and notion of Stoa. Thus the issue of the series concepts shows that they were enough strong and determined formation paradigms. We believe that there was some distance between earliest and later Greek philosophy, which was considering of the very same problem of Being.

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