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J.G. Fichte about education and its role in the history


This article is devoted to the philosophy of the history by J.G.Fichte and also to close connected with it the project of "New Upbringing" as a means to surmount social and spirit crisis.

The year of journal activity: the sums and the perspectives.

In Thouse paperes hengup the sums of journal activity of the year 2002.

International experience in realizing cultural aspects of ethnicity

The essay gives information on history of national minorities protection system, solution of cultural problems of ethnicity in the countries of Europe, Australia as well as politics of multiculturalism in Canada.

Dreams are a fragment of human subjectivity.

In article are researched dreams as a sector of human existence. It is important for us such as a physical reality. It is an objective reality because it does not depend on our consciousnesses. We can not choose certain dreams. The author of the article researches an "ontology" of world of dreams. He demonstrates that there are in dreams their specific space and time. Also there are particularities in operation our "ego". "Being-for-us" is that we are realized and remembered. It exists for us that it got through our consciousness. Dreams are materials of our existence.

Social subject of education.

Given publication continues a new cycle an article, denote social-philosophical analysis of that social groups, institutes, organizations, which on its objective social features or is real are subjects of educational activity, or are intended on this role their social status. As far as success of formation as a social sphere is defined by the nature and condition of activity all social subjects, acting inwardly the most formation systems and in the public space for its limits, as well as their interests, motives, social resources of material and spiritual nature etc., their study becomes a necessary condition and premises, openning possibility of reshaping a modern formation on principle new bases.

On the problem of the existential aspect of spiritual teachings

The articles draws attention to the existential aspect of religious and spiritual experience. Namely, it is indicated that a number of religious and philosophical teachings, offering certain methods of working on transformation of the inner world of a man, intend to help a person to reach a state of happiness. The existential analysis of spiritual teachings shows that the state of happiness can be reached only through subjectivation of the process spiritual transformation and through individual work of a person over his consciousness.

The dangers of the drug panic

This article is devoted to an analysis of the drug panic that exists in the contemporary Russian society. After preliminary examination of the definition of “moral panic” accepted in the sociological community today, the author proceeds to consideration of real dangers related to a drug panic. The article then turns to analysis of various groups that are objectively interested in the existence of the drug panic in modern Russia.

Antique philosophy as a philosophical problem

The possibilities of historical, philological and philosophical decisions of antique philosophy problems are analyzed. Philosophical decision of this problem connected with the concept of the history of the philosophy.

T.V.Mousienko, V.N.Loukin
The Development of Micropolitics: System analysis.

The paper examines the problems of progressive, regressive and specialization trends in Micropolitics. The article is a part of a larder program in which the authors argue for a advantаges of system approach towards investigation of Micropolitics. The objective is to advance the study of Micropolitics theoretical system and to develop the appropriate conceptual schemata of such a scientific research.

The Cradles of Philosophy of Modernism

There are two basic principles of investigation of modernism. Firstly, according to Ch. Baudelaire modernism is known to be an artistic and literary movement of mid of XIXth – XXth century, which follows after critical realism. Secondly, according to W. Benjamin, there is sociological interpretation of modernism as project of rational reformation in sociallife. Dmitry Olshansky analyzes K. Marx’s, F. Nietzsche’s, J. Habermas’, C.O. Schrag’s, U. Eco’s and W. James’ works and tries to combine these two approaches of investigation of modernism. Farther, he discovers the general foundation as both as for literary and for social ideas of modernists. So, modernism as ideology was based on critics of Descartes rationalism, denial from Hegel’s historical progress and looking for universal truth. As well as author finds religious foundation of modernists metaphysics.

De-alienation of Social Relations in the Process of Globalization

Alienated social relations and alienated “human being” maintain the well-developed (actual) commodity production (M—C—M?). The actual commodity production and alienated social relations are causally interconnected, each of them working as a condition of the other. Completion of the extremely alienated social relations and the starting phase of social de-alienation form the period of transition that brings forward the process of economic globalization. In its turn, contemporary globalization contributes to the final destruction of the extremely alienated social relations and hastens the death of private property and the extinction of the production of the surplus value. The second phase of the actual commodity production (M—C—M?) that coincides with the culmination of the alienation of social relations (and, respectively, of human being) has brought forth global social problems. These problems will have their negative essence transformed into a positive one by the end of the third phase of the actual commodity production and the commencement of the de-alienation of the extremely alienated social relations. The third and the final phase of the actual commodity production implies the beginning of the informational era of post-capitalist society when the might of the material essence (domination of economy in the process of socialization and in society in general) will pass its objective powers to the intellectualized and de-alienated social relations.

The culture of pedagogical activities: Therenovation of pedagogical education.

This article deals with the theoretical concept of culture of pedagogical activity formation, the specificity of spontaneous and purposeful growth of a professional teacher is defined, “teacher’s reflexive professionalism” is conceptually grounded as the ideal, the cultural norm of pedagogical activity. The problem is theoretically understood from the integrative culturological approach to teachers’ training, the social and cultural regional conditions, traditions, spiritual heritage and humanistic educational paradigm, including ideas of pedagogical tolerance, humanization of education, pluralism of research consciousness, ethnic and cultural self-identification and so on being its basis.

Sources of nontolerance

The author of the article draws attention to and analyses one of the reasons for the complexities of the culture of tolerance and pluralism development in Russian contemporary society. The history of religious organizations in Soviet times serves as vivid example to reveal the formation of social disapproval of religion, church, belivers and show how state policy for chasing and discriminating them was put into practice.


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