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Anthropology as an existential viewpoint

The present article is devoted to considering of the main traits of a modern philosophical situation. This paper also presents a new approach to an understanding of human being. Its chief principles are as follows. Firstly, there is a biological transcendentalism. We proceed from the assumption that a subjectiveness or a "monad" is the basic scheme of Life. Secondly, there is an enslavement of consciousness by body. Body or genetic program are an authentic subject of the biological evolution and consciousness really serves it. Thirdly, there is an existential wakening of consciousness as a result of the terrible ordeal by feelings of self-irreality and troubles. Fourthly, there is a radical spiritual development of personality as "a revolt against human species" and "the second birth". Finally, there is a hypothesis about an anthropological revolution. This framework aids in new post-metaphysic organizing the knowledge about the human. This approach combines anthropological with existential explanation.

I.I. Bulychev
Images of masculinity and femininity in the format of gender picture of the world

Masculinity and femininity are the main forms of existence, or attributes, of a gender picture of the world (GPW). The essence of masculinity and femininity finds its adequate expression in the notions of manliness and womanliness. Interrelation between masculinity and femininity obeys the law of addition to opposites, which means that between them there is a deep inner unity and even, to a certain extent, identity. A steady tendency to draw behavior standards of men and women, as well as images of masculinity and femininity closer to each other has been noted recently. This tendency can be marked as androgynous. However, the new gender tendency is quite contradictory.

A.Zh. Kuszhanova , A.S. Ivanenkov
The Present Specifics of the Social Subject

The article begins new cycle of the woks on problem of subject, and analysis of the recent context of the problem and its particular distinctions from the previous periods was especially emphasized. What are the parameters of modern society, that creates new subjects, determines the new conditions of their social acts, new demands to his activity? And how should this social practice be changed according to recent conditions? - These are the questions of current cycle.

F. Hartvig
Holisticheskoe and differential understanding of the nature: Aristotel - Russo - Derrida - Luman.

In clause the comparative analysis of sights at nature Aristotelja and by Russo, on the one hand, as traditional understanding of the nature, and modern the concepts the nature developed by philosophers modern such as Derrida and Luman is carried out

The parity rational and mystical in doctrine Pifagor about immortality oppress

Pifagor is one of the most inconsistent and at the same time influential person in the history of phylosophy and science and in the history of ideas in general. The phylosophy, itself, appears in the Pifagor's school as the opposition to the two loading turns of the spirit life of the VI century BC: remoting movement of the sages and increasing movement of the Ionic scientists. The name of Pifagor is associated with the outstanding discoveries in the area of mathematics and at the same time of the influential theologic turn which was the first that tryed to give phylosophy-mathematic, it means rational, basics of the religious doctrine of the souls' immortality.

S.K. Shaikhitdinova
Information society and "the consequences of modernity"

The article discusses the problem of information society as "a consequence of modernity" (A.Giddens, J.Habermas). Such an approach allows for greater flexibility in contrast with the objective rationalism of theories of post-industrialization, it helps to overcome "primordial anarchism" which tends to mythologize "information", "communication" etc. The author argues that the general movement towards information society originates in the Enlightenment era when western societies began to perceive the world as "a picture".

P. Bojanich
Creates "cursive writing" the enemy? About "mertvopisi" at Fedorova (stenograf)

In clause N.Fedorova's sights at questions are analyzed How to design philosophy to leave from philosophy, how to proceed from a plot in the project? How to write so it is fast to cancel pisanie? How to live, to not die or how to die, to not be dead?

A.I. Seleznev
Metaphysical pathos T. I. Tyutchev's lyricism: opposition between earthy and celestial

One off the metaphysical pathos T. I. Tyutchev's lyricism manifestation is opposition between earthy and celestial (material and spiritual), represented in the all his creation on all the stages with increasing tragic intensity.

D.V. Subbotin
Social-anthropological factors of semiotics processes of the myth

The main problem of the article is concerned with possible ways and mechanisms of signification. Regarding Saussure's "principle of arbitrariness of a sign" the author on the example of semiotic processes in ancient cultures demonstrates possibility of sign systems built on contrary principle, i.e. on conditionality of a sign. The very semiotic problem detects curious outlets into spheres of art, religion, economics and law. Special attention is paid to a rite as complex sign system and by-way of learning.

J.M.Pavlov, M.J.Pavlov, A.I.Smirnov,
Russia in development of functional space

In clause develops spatial - temporalnyj the approach to the description of world political process. The question is social space and social time, i.e. display of attributive properties of a matter at its social level. In the center of attention of the present material there will be a functional space which belongs to a class of natural-social spaces.

I.I. Ivanova
On the religious philosophy dependence from the theology. or from the bogoslovye?..

The religious philosophy mainly differentiates not on the confessionalism basis, but depending on the type of exploitable theology. Meanwhile the type of theology is determined not so much by matter of some faith as by used methodology. The Russian Orthodoxy tradition marginally confirms that inasmuch as it doesn't use the term "theology". The presence of theosophy as type of "sacra doctrina" confirms that too. On the gnoseological basis it is possible to classify the next forms of religious ideology: theology, bogoslovye, theosophy. So classification enables to investigate a religious and secular culture more efficiently.

V.V. Bylik, M.V. Ivanova,, T.N.Fjodorova
Market Reforms and Higher Education in Russia: Quality Management System Perspectives in Customs Higher Education

This article adresses the problems of the Customs Higher Education System development in the context of market reforms conducted in Modern Russia. The purpose of the article is to show the role of International Quality Standard as a foundation of management system in all fields of Higher Education and the Customs Education System in particular.

E. A. Lavrukhina
The theme is Transformation of the educational sphere: social risk factors.

The aim of the work is to give a description of the contemporary modernization processes in education in Russia including regionalization, comparativism and monopolization of the educational services, inter-departmental interaction, i.e. to show the contradictions in the development of this social sphere which represent a danger of deepening of the crisis and the threat of substitution of social educational objectives with the private interests.

V.A. Lyubichankovski, Lyubichankovski S.V.
The principle of objectiveness in historical analysis

Possible forms of deviations from the principle of objectiveness in historical analysis are being analyzed in the paper.


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