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The kantianers against Jacobi

The subjekt of the article is «apology of Kant» in kantianers’ and newkantianers’ works in XIX and XX century: they give systematic refutation on F.H.Jacobi’s objection to Kant’s philosophy, first of all, accusation in inconsequence, idealism and nihilizm.

F.-H.Jacobi against I.Kant’s Criticism of transcendental philosophy.

F.-H.Jacobi is famous for his critcism of Kant’s philosophy. In the article the authoress addusces the main Jacobi’s arguments against in particular “thing in itself” and other conceptions of transcendental philosophy.

The Low and The Grace in Vysheslavzev`s conception like the principle of human and society life regulation

Russian religious philosopher Vysheslavzev B.P.( 1877-1955) in one of his the most famous works “Ethics of transformed Eros”(1931), gives us an interesting solution of the question of principles of the society regulation theory basis. The philosopher marks religious, metaphysical and axiological basis of society regulation, expressing them in notions “The Low” and “The Grace”. Speaking about the Low, as yoke, burden, that expresses resistance, and the Grace, as faith, love, acquisition of Holly Ghost, he underlines their tragic incompatibility. He sees the decision of the problem of “anarchy, which now prevails in the world” in overcoming Old Testament depended system of value by making New Testament society regulation system, which comes from “The Grace”.

Globalization and Peace in Jacques Derrida

Derrida interested in what do “national”, “international”, “cosmopolitical”, and “universal” signify here, for and with regard to philosophy, philosophical research, philosophical education or training, and indeed for a philosophical question or practice that would not be essentially linked to research or education? A philosopher is always someone for whom philosophy is not given, someone who in essence must question him or herself about the essence and destination of philosophy. It is necessary to recall this fact even if it seems trivial or too obvious. For such a situation and such a duty are more particular than it seems. And this can lead to fearsome practical consequences. Since this difficult and acute question of the European, indeed continental, model of philosophy for our problematic today will not fail, Derrida supposes to re-emerge in the debate that will follow, he would like to evoke a few lines of Kant’s text.

Basic existential aspects of the teaching of Jesus Christ

The article shows how the existential philosophic analysis uncovers the existential value of the basic elements of the teaching of Jesus Christ. In contrast to the ethnocentric teaching of Moses, Jesus turned around the vector of cognition of God to the inner world of man and hence concentrated the value of the formation of religious consciousness in an individual man. Following the teaching of Jesus on the essence of the Kingdom of God, and instructions how existentially restructure the ordinary consciousness into higher level, man achieves the highest level of spiritual morality. According to Jesus the achievement of the latter is possible for man only in the existential space but of unconditioned highest God-given spiritual values.

The object for study and method problem in history science and the philosophy of history.

The philosophy of history stands for comprehensive and deep insight into historical phenomena. History science becomes the philosophy of history as development progresses. Thus, we are approaching to the object for study and method problem and, then, considering the universally historical and national in German and Russian philosophy of history. We should consider German philosophy as the accomplished in the first half of XIX century spirit self-consciousness development stages, but the Russian one as only having sprung in this period.

Reasoning. Cognitive-information approach

The article is devoted to the analysis of modern status elaboration of the theory of reasoning in. The author takes position in which the reasoning is considering as thought process, directional to task solve with the usage of conclusion. Algorithm of the process of reasoning is proposed in the article, implementation of which is possible in the modeling of reasoning within artificial intelligence application.

Philosophical Saint-Petersburg Sociological notes explaining the situation of philosophers in a number of intellectual communities of the city

The article tells us about situation of philosophical community in modern St-Petersburg. The author analyses professional practices, identity and institute descriptions. Underlined attention is paid to situation at philosophical faculty of St-Petersburg State University. In the end the author makes a conclusion that philosopher’s positions have marginalizated feature, relating not only to the city space, but to the space of philosophical faculty of State University either.

I.V.Vehov, S.G.Koshkina
Contemporary discussion on organization development’s problem in home sociology of organizations

In this paper studies of organization development in contemporary home sociology of organizations are presented: main approaches to problems of organization development, it’s purposes, tendencies and prospects.

The problems protections of the culture possessions how the factor of forming national conscious of the people.

This article presents interesting problems protections of the culture material and spiritual values. That is a very factor of forming national conscious of the people. The article writing on the examplt of the Russian empire XIX - 1910 years.

V.N.Loukin, T.V.Moussienko
Theoretical Models in Comparative e Studies

The article addresses the problem of theoretical modeling in integrative comparative studies of complex objects. Attention is devoted to integrative models. The procedures of the designing the models are identified.

Micropolitics as a Part of Political Science.

The authors discuss the specificity of the states that micropolitics acquires in Political Science structure and identify the most important trends in its development. The scientific definition of micropolitics is offered here as well as the differences in specific interpretation of the terms are distinguished.


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